Regenerative Medicine Part IV:
Amniotic tissue is a unique allograft (a tissue from a donor). This graft is taken from placental tissue and amniotic fluid. Amniotic fluid contains growth factors, carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids and essential molecules. The allograft is the preserved cytokines, growth factors and proteins. Amniotic membranes contain a high concentration of cellular scaffolding, cytokines, growth factors and proteins. The fluid is regularly used for injecting painful arthritic joints, degenerative tendons or ligaments and into chronic wounds. The membrane is commonly used for wound care, tendon repairs and large cartilage repairs. Amniotic tissue has played a significant role in allowing the physician and surgeon to optimize healing, decrease inflammation and increase function.